Archive for February 2012

Economy of Water – What kind of economy do we want?

Water seen from the Cabot Trail in Nova Scotia

A reflection by Seong-Won Park

The highest value (goodness) is like water.
The value (goodness) in water benefits ALL Things,
And yet it does not compete.
It stays in places that others disdain,
And therefore is close to the Dao (Way)
The value (goodness) in a dwelling is location.
The value (goodness) in a mind is depth.
The value (goodness) in relations is benevolence.
The value (goodness) in words is sincerity.
The value (goodness) in leadership is order.
The value (goodness) in work is competence.
The value (goodness) in efforts is timeliness.
Since, indeed, they do not compete,
There is no resentment.

(From the Daode jing by Laotzu)

The significance of water in Christian spirituality is enhanced by the teachings, spiritualities and practices around water in other religious traditions. For instance, Christians in Asian cultures have received rich insights about water from Taoism. In Taoism, water and its characteristics are regarded as symbols and representations of the highest value, namely “goodness” itself. In chapter 8 of the Daode jing by Laotzu (approx. 604-531 BCE), water is described as providing invaluable wisdom for life.

From the characteristics and the nature of water as described in the Daode jing, we can extract a number of principles which inspire an alternative vision for a life-giving and just economy, an economy of water:

Beneficial to all: The first virtue of water that the Wisdom affirms is that the value in water (goodness) benefitsall things. Water benefits all without exception. Water goes everywhere. It is “giving” in nature – not keeping itself for itself. Neo-liberal economic globalization benefits only a few while the majority is excluded. The economy should benefit all without exception.

Non-competition: Highlighted as the second important aspect in the nature of water is that it “does not compete”. When it faces a rock, it does not go through the rock. It goes around the rock and flows smoothly towards its destination. Cooperation, mutuality and adaptation are much more helpful than competition in a life-giving economy.

Continual flow: The very nature of water is to “keep flowing”. The Latin word for “to run” in English is currere, from where the word “currency” came. The currency or money should continue to flow and circulate, not being accumulated in the hands of a few but reaching every corner and all people in society.

Flowing down and filling from the bottom: “It stays in places that others disdain.” Water always flows from the higher to the lower level. It never stays in the upper part of a vessel when the bottom is empty, but starts to fill the bottom first. The bottom and the basis are the first place where water makes an investment, very unlike the “trickle-down” logic of the neo-liberal market economy. Taoist wisdom says, “and it therefore is close to the Tao”. The fundamental nature of Tao is to be with the lowest. This characteristic of water also reminds us of God’s preferential option for the poor.

Justice and equilibrium: Water never lets injustice and inequality become perpetual but strives for equilibrium. Whatever form the bottom may have, water evens out the differences.

Stability and inclusiveness: “The value (goodness) in a mind is depth.” The deeper the water is, the more stable it is. The economy of the poorest countries is always unstable because of lack of economic depth.

Benevolence: Water never keeps water for itself. Water exists for giving to others. Mutual “giving” is the very nature of economy. If an economy cannot give what is necessary for those in need, that economy does not serve life.

Transparency: Water is honest and transparent. When not polluted, it is colour-free and taste-free. This nature of transparency and neutrality should be a principle for the economy as well.

Making life possible: “The value (goodness) in work is competence.” Water makes life possible. By flowing continually, water makes the life of every part of the body possible. Economy should make life possible: if it does not, it needs to be reformed.

Timeliness: Water is needed at the time when people, animals and plants are thirsting. Such timeliness is also important in economic life. Salaries and food should be available on time. Debt cancellation should be made on time. Economic panic comes when funds are not available on time.

Satisfaction of enough and danger of too much and too little: One of the most serious dangers of water is the danger of “too much” or “too little.” When there is too much, water causes floods. When there is too little, it causes drought. In today’s economy and many people’s life-style, the compulsion to go beyond limits (over-eating, over-production, over-consumption, over-investment, over-indebtedness, limitless growth, limitless development, limitless greed etc.) is a major problem. Time has come to transform the “over-” and “limitless” life-style into a life-style of “enough” or even “kenosis”.

Economy and ecology both stem from the Greek word “oikos”, meaning household or family. A fundamental principle of a household economy is to be beneficial to all members of a family. Nobody is excluded from the benefit. Often the most vulnerable members of the family are the first beneficiaries, before anyone else in the family. The household economy puts priority on basic needs like food, water, health, education, housing, clothing, cultural activities, and so on. Only after the basic needs are met, is there a possibility for investment or other activities. In a well functioning household, family members do not compete but assist each other.

There is another important economic slogan in Taoism: “Unite the wealth, you divide the people. Divide the wealth, you unite the people.” In combination with the teaching on water, can’t this wisdom inspire our thinking as we search for alternatives to a neo-liberal economic globalization which attempts to unite the world markets, but results in fact in dividing the whole world including creation?

The Rev. Dr Seong-Won Park teaches theology at Youngnam Theological University in Daegu, South Korea. He is a member of the World Council of Churches Central Committee, and a moderator of the Oikotree Movement.

*Based on: Park, Seong-Won, Economy of Water. The Ecumenical Review, 57 (2005): 171–178



Chicago urban landscape

Change – a popular topic; an unpopular behaviour.

In 1964 Bob Dylan recorded a hit song that described the era that we often now refer to as, “the sixties”. His song was titled, “The Times They Are A Changin’.”

In this second decade of the 21st century, surrounded by changes on a daily basis, we have yet to encounter a similar song that embodies the spirit of the times. Some have said to me that what the “Occupy” movement needs is a song. What would the Civil Rights movement would have been without its music? Going back in time to “the sixties”, I am reminded of the song by Buffalo Springfield that said:

There’s something happening here

What it is ain’t exactly clear”

The “Occupy” movement is changing our society here in North America, but what these changes might mean to us is not yet clear.

Change – on Sunday Ian Miller told our Newtonbrook United Church congregation that;

“People don’t object to change;

people object to being changed.”

David Korten writes that:

“One of the advantages of reaching one’s elder years is having lived through enough history to experience how rapidly deep change can happen – and how committed groups can shape and accelerate it.”[1]

In a world of ultra-brief “tweets” and 30 second sound bites, Ronald Wright provides us with an additional reflection on change;

            “ It is precisely because change is so swift that we need history.”[2]

How can we live in this world and not change it through our actions; our conversations, our thinking? I think that the question really is what kind of change are we making; consciously and unconsciously?

Could it be that change is a popular topic of discussion, but an unpopular behaviour – even when it comes to our personal lives?

[1] David Korten, Agenda for a New Economy, page 171

[2] Ronald Wright, What Is America, page 14

Doing OR Being?

On January 22nd, 2012, I announced to the Congregation of Newtonbrook United Church that I would be “retiring” from ministry with this congregation, and the United Church of Canada, as of July 31, 2012. For everything there is a season, as the author of Ecclesiastes wrote so long ago. This is the time, I feel, to begin the next part of my journey.

One of the most common questions that people are asking me is;

“What are you going to do?”

Nobody has yet approached me with the question of ; “What are you going to BE?”, or, “Who are you going to BE?”.

In this post-modern world of 24/7, I guess that we are have become human “doings” rather than human beings, no?

Take a look at the photo of the tree in this entry. Is its’ beauty a result of “doing” or of “being”?

Urban Roots – in Toronto?

How can we effectively use space in the city for gardening?

Toronto does not need to re-invent the wheel. Others have used their gift of imagination to grow food locally and provide one of the necessities of life to people who live in a “food desert” – an area of the city where there are no supermarkets available.


At Newtonbrook United Church the Green Team has inspired a group to create the Newtonbrook Neighbourhood Garden. The team is in the process of converting the south lawn of the church into a garden that will serve guests at the Wednesday Drop Inn, and neighbours of the church.


On Wednesday, February 1, 2012, a documentary film by Mark MacInnis’, titled “Urban Roots”, was screened at the National Film Board at 150 John Street in Toronto. I saw it; enjoyed it, and was inspired by this story. A description of the film is as follows:

URBAN ROOTS is a documentary that tells the story of the spontaneous emergence of urban farming in the city of Detroit. Detroit, once an industrial powerhouse of a lost American era, is a city devastated by the loss of half its population due to the collapse of manufacturing. By the looks of it, the city has died. But now, against all odds, in the empty lots, in the old factory yards, and in-between the sad, sagging blocks of company housing, seeds of change are taking root. With the most vacant lots in the country, citizens are reclaiming their spirits by growing food. A small group of dedicated citizens have started an urban environmental movement with the potential to transform not just a city after its collapse, but also a country after the end of its industrial age. Urban Roots shows dedicated Detroiters working tirelessly to fulfill their vision for locally-grown, sustainably farmed food in a city where people… Written by Anonymous

Check out the trailer at: